1997 Karst and Cave Management Symposium Logo



Highlighting Forest Karst Ecosystems

October 7-10, 1997, Bellingham, Washington, U.S.A

HOSTS: National Speleological Society American Cave Conservation Association Cave Research Foundation The Karst Waters Institute National Caves AssociationThe Nature ConservancyU. S. Forest Service U. S. National Park Service U.S. Bureau of Land Management U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service CO-SPONSORS: British Columbia Speleological Federation British Columbia Ministry of Forests Northwest Caving Association Oregon Grotto of the NSS Northwest Chapter of the ACCA Northwest Cave Research Institute BC Parks Bat Conservation International Washington Dept. of Fish and Wildlife Richmond Area Speleological Society Western Forest Products Limited    Terra Associates      MacMillan Bloedel Limited    Canadian Forest Products Limited    The Record , Gold River

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Second Announcement

  Abstracts | Biographies



Biographical Sketches of Authors

 Current as of August 26, 1999.  For Authors Addresses.

Tom Aley

Tom Aley is founder and President of the Ozark Underground Laboratory. He holds B.S. and M.S. degrees in forestry from the University of California at Berkeley. He is a Professional Hydrogeologist, certified by the American Institute of Hydrology and a Certified Forester, certified by the Society of American Foresters. He is a registered professional geologist in Kentucky and Arkansas. Tom was the Panel Leader for the Blue Ribbon Panel established in 1993 by the U. S. Forest Service to assess the significance of karst and cave resources on the Ketchikan Area of the Tongass National Forest. Ton has worked on several other karst projects in southeast Alaska. In addition, Tom has conducted cave and karst investigations for 34 years throughout the U.S., with some additional work in Canada, the Caribbean, Australia, and New Zealand. Tom is a past president of the American Cave Conservation Association and directed the feasibility study for the American Cave Museum, which is now in operation in Horse Cave, Kentucky.

 James F. Baichtal

James Baichtal has Bachelor and Master of Science degrees in Geology from Washington State University. He has five years experience as an Engineering Geologist and Hydrogeologist with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the U. S. Forest Service and two years as a Resource Geologist with the Umpqua National Forest in Oregon. Since 1990 he has been the Forest Geologist on the Ketchikan Area of the Tongass National Forest, with responsibility for mineral and karst and cave management. In this period, he has worked to develop karst and cave resource management strategies addressing the effects of timber harvest and road construction on the karst systems of Southeast Alaska. His research has focussed on the function and biological significance of the karst landscapes found throughout the Alexander Archipelago and on the paleontology, paleoecology, and prehistory of Southeast Alaska. Jim is a Registered Geologist in the state of Oregon, and he has taught several geology courses through community colleges. Most recently he has been involved with an active public education program speaking on the geologic and glacial history of Southeast Alaska and the karst ecosystem and cave resources of the area.

 Bronwen Beedle

Bronwen Beedle became Deputy Chief Forester for the Province of British Columbia in December 1992. Bronwen received her Bachelor of Science degree in Forestry from the University of British Columbia in 1974 and a Masters of Business Administration degree from Queens University in 1988. She is a registered professional forester and a member of the Association of B.C. Professional Foresters. Bronwen's career with the BCFS began in 1989 as District Manager of the Fort Nelson Forest District. Prior to that, she was a private sector forester for eight years and a resource planning forester with government for five years. As Deputy Chief Forester, Bronwen works closely with the Chief Forester in developing plans and programs to manage and protect the provincial forest and range lands of British Columbia.

Mason D. Bryant, Ph.D.

 Mason D. Bryant is employed by the Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. He received a B.A. degree from the University of Vermont, a M.S. from the University of Maine, and a Ph.D. from the University of Washington. He began work with the PNW Research Station in 1976 as a Research Fishery Biologist. During the past 20 years he has worked on various salmonid and forest habitat studies that included the effects of large wood in streams, the role of beaver ponds in salmonid production, effects of fish ladders on resident salmonids and their use by anadromous salmonids, and factors effecting salmonid productivity in streams of southeast Alaska. He is currently the team leader of the Anadromous Fish and Aquatic Ecology Team located in Juneau, Alaska.

Gabrielle K. Call

 Gabrielle K. Call, Conservation Projects Manager for The Nature Conservancy of Tennessee, has a B.S. in Forestry and Wildlife from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. She has been employed by TNC since 1993 and specializes in private lands conservation, landowner contact and education, and grants and contracts administration. She is currently managing TNC's Tennessee Caves Initiative, a project that prioritizes for conservation work biologically significant caves according to their species, threats, and current level of protection.

Kent Carlson

 Kent Carlson first started studying biospeleology as a student at American University in 1988. While presenting data for his M.S. degree at the 1991 Cave Management Symposium, He was fortunate enough to meet with U.S. Forest Service representatives from southeast Alaska who "needed some bug-work done." Since then he has been documenting the cave associated invertebrates of southeast Alaska as the small business "Karst Biosciences." Two in-house reports have been written for the U.S.F.S. These have dealt with the cave-associated invertebrates of Dall Island (1994) and Coronation Island (1996). A final report on Prince of Wales Island is expected to be completed in the near future.

Rane Curl, Ph.D.

Dr. Rane Curl has been a professor of chemical engineering at the University of Michigan after receiving his Sc.D. from M.I.T. and working in industry for several years. He has served as chairman of two NSS chapters (founding one), on the NSS Board of Governors for 26 years, and as NSS President for 4 years. He was chairman of the 8th International Congress of Speleology. He was a founding member and first President of the Michigan Karst Conservancy between 1983 and 1993, and now serves as a Trustee. He is also the Secretary of the Karst Waters Institute. His speleological publications have been on cave mineralogy, speleothems and speleogens, and statistical and fractal morphology.

Robert R. Currie

 Robert R. Currie is a Fish and Wildlife Biologist in the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Asheville Field Office. His primary responsibility is the implementation of the listing and recovery portions of the Endangered Species Program, with an emphasis on cave-dependent species. He has worked with the NSS and the ACCA to develop and refine protective strategies and structures for caves, abandoned mines, and other sites of importance to cave-dependent bats. He has been a member of the American Cave Conservation Association's Board of Directors for 15 years, an NSS member since 1979, and is currently the Service's representative on the Cave Management Symposium Steering Committee.

Martin Davis

 Martin Davis has been an active caver for 32 years and has been involved in exploration across Canada, the eastern United States, and Central America. He has been involved in karst related work since 1978 and formed Island Karst Research in 1993 as a vehicle for conducting cave and karst inventories, karst research, and cave exploration and for developing related equipment. IKR has conducted karst research and inventories under contract to both government and industry. Martin is a member of the Vancouver Island Cave Exploration Group and the British Columbia Speleological Federation, of which he is the chairman of the Cave/Karst Conservation Committee. He has also been active in cave rescue and is a member of BC Cave Rescue. He is based in Victoria, British Columbia. The Island Karst Research website is at <http://www.camosun.bc.ca/~iskarst.htm>.

 John Farr

 John Farr is a GIS Technician with Aegis Services, Inc. John is a Nature Conservancy member and donated over 100 hours toward the creation of a GIS database for TNC's Herron Cave Project.

 James Goodbar - No sketch received.

 Chris Groves, Ph.D.

 Chris Groves is Assistant Director of the Center for Cave and Karst Studies at Western Kentucky University and teaches courses in geomorphology and hydrology. He received a Ph.D. in Environmental Science from the University of Virginia. Using a quantitative approach that combines field work with computer modeling, he is currently developing models of karst flow system behavior at a variety of temporal scales. He also enjoys exploring and surveying the cave systems of the Mammoth Cave Plateau. Groves is a fellow and director of the Cave Research Foundation and Chairman of the Research Advisory Committee for the National Speleological Society.

 Elery Hamilton-Smith

 Elery Hamilton-Smith has some 45 years experience in caving across some 25 countries. He is a Fellow of both the Australian Speleological Federation and the Australasian Cave and Karst Management Association. His research and other interests include biospeleology, history of caves and karst areas, and the improved management of karst areas. By discipline, he is a sociologist with special interests in parks, leisure, and public health. He is currently professor of Gerontology at LaTrobe University, Melbourne, Victoria.

 Val Hildreth-Werker

Val Hildreth-Werker is a commercial photographer and has been caving for 20 years. She and Jim Werker have developed a system for environmental photomonitoring that is currently installed in caves across the Southwest. Other projects include restoration and research in Lechuguilla, infrared monitoring of bat populations, formation repair, and cave conservation workshops. Val and Jim serve as Co-Directors of Cave Resource Preservation for the National Speleological Society. They are currently working on a book that will describe techniques for cave restoration, repair, and conservation.

Rodney D. Horrocks 

Rod Horrocks is the cave specialist for Timpanogos Cave National Monument and Great Basin National Park.  No sketch received.

Peter Huntoon, Ph.D.

 Peter Huntoon is a professor of hydrogeology at the University of Wyoming, having graduated with a Ph.D. from the University of Arizona in 1970. He has published extensively on groundwater exploration, hydraulic localization of karstic permeability in soluble rocks, impacts of deforestation on ground water supplies, development of groundwater supplies in developing nations, hydrologic and geologic siting of nuclear waste repositories, and structural geology of the Colorado Plateau and Rocky Mountain Foreland.

 George Huppert, Ph.D.

 George Huppert a professor of Geography at the University of Wisconsin, LaCrosse.   No sketch received.

 Jim Kennedy

 Jim Kennedy, BCI Staff Biologist received his B.S. from Pennsylvania State University and his M.Ed. from California University of Pennsylvania. He is the resident caver at Bat Conservation International. With over 24 years experience in speleology and 12 years working with bats, he has much experience in cave management issues. Jim is the former coordinator of BCI's North American Bat House Research Project and is now the Assistant Director of the North American Bat Conservation Partnership.

 Larry King

 Larry King is Director of Projects for the Northwest Chapter of the American Cave Conservation Association.

 Kenneth J. Kingsley, Ph.D.

 Dr. Kingsley is a Senior Ecologist with SWCA, Inc., an environmental consulting firm involved in developing the Conservation Agreement to be discussed. He has more than 25 years experience working in a variety of ecosystems and in the development of conservation plans for terrestrial, aquatic, and cave-dwelling organisms. He has a Ph.D. in entomology from the University of Arizona, an M.S. in biology from the University of Nevada, and a B.A. in biology from Prescott College. He has caving experience in Arizona, Texas, and Hawaii.

 Steve Knutson - No sketch received.

 Julian J. Lewis, Ph.D. - No sketch received.

 Stephen W. Lewis

Steve Lewis has been involved in exploration and study of the karstlands of Southeast Alaska since 1988, serving as a director of the National Speleological Society's Tongass Cave Project since its inception in 1991. He has been a leader of the annual month-long caving expeditions jointly sponsored by the U.S. Forest Service and Tongass Cave Project since 1993. He completed a study of deer on heavily karsted Coronation Island in 1992. In 1995 he began a doctoral study of Southeast Alaska bats at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, working under Dr. Joe Cook at the University of Alaska Museum.

 Mark Ludlow

 Mark Ludlow grew up in the Midwest and obtained a Bachelor's in Wildlife Biology from Colorado State University. He joined the Peace Corps in 1980, serving as a Wildlife Biologist in Paraguay. Returning stateside, he entered graduate school at the University of Florida, where he completed a Master's Degree and conducted a radio-tracking study of ocelots in Venezuela. Returning to Venezuela, he undertook manatee research, which led to a Marine Mammalogist post with the Florida Bureau of Marine Research. Mark transferred to the Florida Park Service in 1989, where he serves today as Biological Scientist for Florida Caverns State Park.

John T. M. Lyles

 John Lyles began caving in 1975 at Virginia Tech. He has served as chairman of the Commander Cody Caving Club in Delaware. In 1992 he began living and caving in New Mexico. He has been chairman of the Pajarito Grotto. He is a member of the Southwest Cave Conservation Task Force as well as the BLM/Participating Management Team for the Southwest Region of the NSS. He has participated in projects for LEARN, CRF, and independent research in the caves of the Guadalupe Mountains for the Forest Service, the National Park Service, and the Bureau of Land Management.

 Joe Meiman

 Joe Meiman is the Hydrologist at Mammoth Cave National Park and an adjunct faculty member in the Department of Geography and Geology at Western Kentucky University. Since earning B.S. and M.S. degrees in geology from Eastern Kentucky University, he has spent the past eleven years designing and implementing specialized systems for the monitoring of karst groundwater flow, cave atmospheres and troglophilic fauna. He has developed hydrologic monitoring systems throughout the United States, concentrating recently on water quality within the Mammoth Cave International Biosphere Reserve.

Jim Nepstad

 Jim Nepstad has been the Cave Management Specialist at Wind Cave National Park since 1989.

 Rick Olson

 Rick Olson has been active in the exploration adn study of the Mammoth Cave System for 24 years. Like other fossil cavers, he has pictures of caves that were once pristine and are now severely degraded. Most of his research has been driven by the need for science-based management of cave and karst resources to stop the destruction.

 Greg Passmore

 Greg Passmore is a 3D computer graphics consultant and long time caver. Greg has provided graphics software and consulting to government labs and computer factories, such as Lawrence Livermore Laboratories, Rockwell, Microsoft, Sun, DEC, USAF, Merck, Scripps, and dozens of others. Greg was awarded a basic patent in optical computing and is officially recognized as an industry pioneer in computer graphics. Greg's caving activities include rescue work, cave diving, and exploration across the U.S. and in Mexico, France, England, Germany and Switzerland. More information may be found at http://www.passmorehilbert.com.

 Dale L. Pate

 Dale Pate has been an avid caver since the summer of 1970. Prior to 1991, most of his work had been in the caves of Texas and Mexico, particularly the Sistema Purificacion Area in northern Mexico. Since July 1991, Dale has been the Cave Resources Specialist for Carlsbad Caverns National Park. Dale's primary duties have included the management of all caves in the park, including Lechuguilla Cave.

Garry Petrie

 Garry Petrie has been caving since 1960, when he visited the Rainier Ice Caves as a boy with his parents. The Petrie family caved throughout the west during the 1960s. Garry joined the NSS in 1986. Out of concern for the caves that he had visited as a boy, he organized the Central Oregon Conservation Task Force within the NSS in 1997.

 F. Allen Pursell - No sketch received.

 Jason M. Richards

 Jason M. Richards has been involved with cave exploration for the last 33 years. Jason is a Fellow of the National Speleological Society and has been as active member since 1965. Jason taught cave exploration and conservation for the University of New Mexico from 1985 to 1988. In April, 1992, Jason went to work for the National Park Service and is presently a Cave Specialist for Carlsbad Caverns National Park.

Jonathan Rollins

 Jonathan Rollins is an environmental consultant and cave guide living in Calgary, Alberta. He has been involved in the exploration of caves in the Canadian Rockies, Vancouver Island, Mexico, and Central America. Consultant projects have centered on bio-physical inventories of alpine lodge locations for waste management purposes.

John Roth

 No sketch received.

Bill Route

 Bill Route has an M.S. in vertebrate ecology from Michigan Technological University and a B.S. in wildlife resources from the University of Idaho. Bill has 15 years of experience developing inventory and monitoring programs for a variety of wildlife species ranging from bats to moose. He has worked as a wildlife biologist and resource management specialist with the National Park Service for the last 10 years and is currently working as the wildlife biologist for the International Wolf Center in Ely, Minnesota.

Robert R. Stitt

Rob Stitt started caving in Montana in the 1950s and has been involved in cave conservation and management issues since the early 1960s. He has served the NSS as Conservation Committee Chair, Executive Vice-President, and President, as well as being a member of the Board of Governors for 12 years. He was one of the originators of the first National Cave Management Symposium in 1975, and has attended most of them over the years. He is recipient of the NSS Outstanding Service and Conservation Awards, and is an Honorary member of the Cave Research Foundation. He is currently the President of the NSS Cave Conservation and Management Section, and the U.S. Chair of this Symposium. In his copious spare time he masters the Web pages for five or more sites.

Tim Stokes, Ph.D

 Dr. Tim Stokes graduated from Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia, with a Ph.D. in Geology in 1991. Since that time he has worked in the field of environmental and engineering geology and for the past four years operated his own consulting business, Terra Firma Geoscience Services, on Vancouver Island. Most of his consulting work has entailed terrain stability assessment and mapping for the forest industry, as well as geological hazard and risk assessments. His interest in karst started in 1994 from a series of contacts with the BC Ministry of Forests to develop regional 1:250,000 cave/karst potential maps for the Vancouver and Prince Rupert Forest Regions. Recently he has completed other karst related projects for the Ministry, including an overview report titled "A Preliminary Problem Analysis of the Cave/Karst Issues Related to Forestry Practices on Vancouver Island."

Jim C. Werker

Jim Werker is a mechanical engineer for Sandia Laboratories in Albuquerque and has 30 years of caving experience. He worked in underground testing and research at the Nevada Test Site for two decades and applies that expertise to formation repair, environmental monitoring installations and materials research for safe use in caves. With Val Hildreth-Werker, he conducts restoration and research projects in Lechuguilla Cave and elsewhere. As Co-Directors of Cave Resource Preservation for the National Speleological Society, they coordinate cave conservation workshops. They are currently working on a book that will describe techniques for cave restoration, repair, and conservation.

Mike Yocum

Mike Yocum is the Eastern Operations Manager for the Cave Research Foundation. In addition to his work with CRF in Mammoth Cave National Park, he manages cartographic projects for Hidden River Cave (Kentucky) and Blue Springs Cave (Tennessee). He was the Director of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) funded project to develop national cave survey standards.

Carol Zokaites

Carol Zokaites is the National Coordinator for Project Underground. She is currently establishing Project Underground as a national education program on caves and karst awareness. She coordinates resource and program development for Project Underground, including organizing and leading teacher training workshops. She assists the environmental education community in Virginia with programs such as the Virginia Karst Project, Groundwater Guardian, and Projects Wet, Wild, and Learning Tree. Carol is editor of "Living on Karst - A Reference Guide for Landowners in Limestone Regions," "Living on Karst - A Reference Guide for Virginia Communities," and "Underground in the Appalachians." Carol is a graduate of VPI & SU with a degree in Forestry, with emphasis in environmental education. She has 13 years experience in the VPI & SU research library and 24 years of caving experience, including cave surveying and training.