Proceedings of the
1997 Karst and Cave Management Symposium
13th National Cave Management Symposium

 

Bellingham, Washington
and
Chilliwack and Vancouver Island, BC, Canada

October 7-10, 1997

 

Symposium Organizers

Robert R. Stitt and Paul Griffiths, Co-Chairs

Proceedings Editor

Robert R. Stitt

Layout and Design by

Robert R. Stitt


Our Sponsors

HOSTS: National Speleological Society American Cave Conservation Association Cave Research Foundation The Karst Waters Institute National Caves AssociationThe Nature ConservancyU. S. Forest Service U. S. National Park Service U.S. Bureau of Land Management U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service

CO-SPONSORS: British Columbia Speleological Federation British Columbia Ministry of Forests Northwest Caving Association Oregon Grotto of the NSS Northwest Chapter of the ACCA Northwest Cave Research Institute BC Parks Bat Conservation International Washington Dept. of Fish and Wildlife Richmond Area Speleological Society Terra Associates Western Forest Products Limited MacMillan Bloedel Limited Canadian Forest Products Limited The Record (Gold River) Mount Tahoma Chapter of the American Association of Zoo Keepers

National Cave Management Symposium Steering Committee

David Foster, American Cave Conservation Association

Jennifer Jinx Fox, U. S. Bureau of Land Management

Roger McClure, Cave Research Foundation

Robert R. Currie, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Jim Miller, U. S. Forest Service

Dr. Rane L. Curl, The Karst Waters Institute

Gordon L. Smith, Jr., National Caves Association

Ronal Kerbo, U. S. National Park Service

Janet B. Thorne, National Speleological Society

Gabby Call, The Nature Conservancy, Tennessee Chapter

Steering Committee Coordinator

Janet Thorne

Organizing Committee

Rob Stitt, U.S. Co-Chair; Paul Griffiths, Canadian Co-Chair; Libby Nieland, Treasurer; Tom Strong, Program Chair; Dick Garnick, Local Arrangements; Dave Klinger, Sponsorship and Volunteers; Mark Sherman, Publicity; Jim Nieland, Mt. St. Helens Field Trips; Donovan Whistler, Publications; Eric Larsen, Sponsorship; Reid Robinson & Sue Vessey; Martin Davis, Canadian Vendors; Steve Sprague, U.S. Vendors; Bill Marshall; Alisa Vanderberg; Mack Pitchford, Registration; Pat Shaw, Chilliwack Field Guide; Denis Moffatt, Phil Whitfield; Michael Compton; Rick Coles; Jim Baichtal, Alaska Field Trips; Karen Griffiths, Travel Arrangements; Sheryl Craig, Registration; Linda Heslop, Graphics Design; The rest of the gang:John Madsen, Rob Wall, Ken Langdale, Cam Brady, Len Titus, Hal Reveley, Gerry Still, Charlie Cornfield, Bill Bennett, Laura Friis, Scott Davis, Dave Hopf

Printed in the United States of America

Copyright © 1999 National Cave Management Symposium Steering Committee

All rights reserved.No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any data storage or retrieval system without the express written permission of the NCMS Steering Committee.Individual papers are the property of the authors.


Table of Contents

Opening Remarks.................................................................................................................................... 1

Rob Stitt, Paul Griffiths, and Janet Thorne

Role of the Epikarstic Zone in Temperate Rain Forest Management in Alaska........................................... 3

Tom Aley and Cathy Aley

Application of a Karst Management Strategy:Two Case Studies from the Tongass National Forest, Southeastern AlaskaThe Challenges of Implementation............................................................................................................ 4

James F. Baichtal

Karst Landscapes and Associated Resources:A Resource Assessment-Poster Presentation.............. 12

James F. Baichtal

Karst Management in British Columbia.................................................................................................. 13

Bronwen Beedle

Salmonid Populations in the Karst Landscape of North Prince of Wales Island, Southeast Alaska........... 22

Mason D. Bryant, Ph.D., Douglas N. Swanston, Robert C. Wissmar, and Brenda E. Wright

Use of Dye Tracing and Recharge Area Delineation in Cave Protection and Conservation on Private Land 23

Gabrielle K. Call, Tom Aley, David L. Campbell, and John Farr

The Distribution of Troglobitic and Troglophilic Invertebrates in Southeast Alaska................................... 28

Kent R. Carlson

Invertebrate Habitat Complexity in Southeast Alaskan Karst Ecosystems................................................ 34

Kent R. Carlson

Impacts on invertebrate cave fauna in forested karst ecosystems and recommended protection measures in forested karst areas of Tasmania.................................................................................................................................. 44

Arthur Clarke

Entranceless and Nonproper Cave Management.................................................................................... 53

Rane Curl, Ph.D.

The Karst Waters Institute - Karst Science Serving Groundwater and Biological Resources.................... 54

Rane Curl, Ph.D. and Ira Sasowsky, Ph.D.

Protecting Stantonís Cave..................................................................................................................... 55

Robert R. Currie and Jim Petterson

Bat Usage Of The Weymer Creek Cave Systems On Northern Vancouver Island, Canada..................... 56

Trudy A. Chatwin, Martin Davis, and David Nagorsen

EPIK:Cartographic Method for Assessing the Vulnerability of Karst Aquifers for the purpose of 
Delineating Protection Zones.............. ...............................................................................................................................................61

Nathalie Doerfliger and Francois Zwhalen

Heceta Island: An Example of Karst Management in the Tongass National Forest, Alaska...................... 66

Kris Esterson

Northern Vancouver Island Karst and Cave Tourism, Past and Present.................................................. 67

Karen Griffiths

Analogous midsummer maximum daily air temperature and relative humidity profiles from sideslopes of a northern 
Vancouver Island sinkhole before and after clearcutting.......................................................................... 68

Paul Griffiths

Searching For Cave Entrances In Old-Growth Forests: An Overview Of Ground-Based Methods Employed In North And
 Central Vancouver Island, British Columbia.......................................................................................... 69

Paul Griffiths

The IUCN Guidelines for Cave and Karst Protection............................................................................. 81

Elery Hamilton-Smith

Bat Interpretation by Infra-red Imaging at Naracoorte World Heritage Area, South Australia.................. 84

Elery Hamilton-Smith and Brian Clark

Monitoring visitor experience and environmental conditions at Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia. 87

Elery Hamilton-Smith

Cave Softly . . . and LeaveNo Trace-Poster Presentation................................................................. 92

Val Hildreth-Werker and Jim C. Werker

A Synthesis of New Cave Lighting Design Concepts Using Low Voltage Lighting Systems to Light Developed Caves††† 93

Rodney D. Horrocks

Mountain Ladyslippers on White Ridge, Vancouver Island..................................................................... 94

by Frank Hovenden and Betty Brooks

The Great Leap Forward - Deforestation Ecological Disaster in the South China Karst Belt.................... 96

Peter Huntoon, Ph.D.

State Endangered Species Associated with the Spelean EnvironmentPoster Presentation....................... 97

George N. Huppert, Ph.D. and Betty J. Wheeler

BCIís North American Bat Conservation Partnership:Cooperative Aid for Bat Cave Management........ 98

Jim Kennedy

Management Concerns in the Development of Rock Climbing Recreation Areas in Caves..................... 109

Larry King

Development of a Conservation Agreement to Protect Cave Invertebrates and Obviate Listing as Endangered Species in Bexar County, Texas........................................................................................................................... 110

Kenneth J. Kingsley

Cave Maps As Geographical Information Systems:An Example From Oregon Caves National Monument 116

Steve Knutson

The Nature Conservancy at work in the Indiana karst:The bioinventory of the subterranean fauna of the Blue River Bioreserve........................................................................................................................................... 117

Julian J. Lewis and F. Allen Pursell

The Tongass Cave Project................................................................................................................... 122

Stephen W. Lewis

Roosting And Hibernal Ecology Of Bats In Southeast Alaskaís Karstlands........................................... 128

Stephen W. Lewis

Conservation Of Cave Roosting Bats at a North Florida State Park...................................................... 132

Mark Ludlow and Jeff Gore

Advances in GPS Receivers for Locations in Densely Forested and Hilly Terrain ó Poster Presentation 136

John T. M. Lyles

Conservation Practices for the Improvement of Water Quality of the Mammoth Cave Karst Aquifer..... 137

Joe Meiman and Chris Groves

Surface Developments Above Wind Cave - Studying the Impacts........................................................ 138

Jim Nepstad

Christmas Tree Cave Bat Gating Project, Mt. Adams Ranger District................................................... 142

Jim Nieland, David Anderson, and Chandra Madrona

The Human Nature of Caving and Cave Conservation at Mammoth Cave National Park....................... 143

Rick Olson

Cave Entrance Management: Principles and Practice at Mammoth Cave National Park......................... 147

Rick Olson, John Fry, Joe Meiman, Bob Ward, Scott Henrickson, Jeff Bradybaugh

SpeleoMeshing: A Technique for High Definition Cave Surveys............................................................ 151

Greg Passmore

Conservation/Restoration Efforts in the Caves of Carlsbad Caverns National Park................................ 152

Dale Pate

Conservation Challenges:Restoration of the Caves of Central Oregon................................................. 153

Garry Petrie

A New Map for Carlsbad Caverns...................................................................................................... 157

Jason M. Richards

An Inventory of Caves and Related Karst Features in the Canadian Rockies, with Management Recommendations††††††† 158

Jonathan Rollins

Biotic Carrying Capacity at Oregon Caves........................................................................................... 159

John Roth

Methods for Monitoring Large Colonies of Mexican Free-tailed Bats-Poster Presentation................. 160

Bill Route, Tom Bemis, and David Roemer, Val Hildreth-Werker and Jim Werker

Cave Conservation and Management on the World Wide Web:Part II................................................ 170

Robert R. Stitt

Digital Cave/Karst Potential Mapping In Northern Vancouver Island: A Strategic Forestry Planning Tool 171

Tim Stokes, Nick Massey, and Paul Griffiths

Restoration, Trail Designation, and Microbial Preservation in Lechuguilla Cave..................................... 182

Jim Werker and Val Hildreth-Werker

National Cave Survey Data Collection Standards................................................................................. 191

Mike Yocum and Mike Wiles

Project Underground-Poster Presentation........................................................................................ 195

Margot Geisler and Carol Zokaites

Oil And Gas Drilling in Cave and Karst Areas:A Process of Mitigating Impacts................................... 196

James R. Goodbar

Chilliwack Valley Field Trip Guide....................................................................................................... 201

Compiled and edited by Pat Shaw

Northern Vancouver Island Field Tour................................................................................................. 208

Compiled and Edited by Paul Griffiths

Mailing Address of Participants............................................................................................................ 245