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(Ready Made Aromatic Lifestyle)
Plant Part: Seed
Extraction: Cold Pressed
Growing Practice: Ethical
Country of Origin: USA
What makes jojoba different from other common fixed oils is that it consists of 10% fatty alcohols and 90% stable mono-unsaturated fatty acids combined together into what is called an ester wax. Jojoba oil has the most stable life of all fixed oils without added preservatives. This oil is golden yellow and will become hard when chilled or refrigerated, but readily liquifys again when it is warmed up.
Jojoba oil is very stable and will not oxidize. It is easily absorbed by the skin, and helps retain moisture.
Refractive Index: 1.4848 - 1.4654 @ 20° C
Specific Gravity: 0.8650 @ 20° C
Appearance: golden colored liquid wax
BioChemical Class: Ester wax
BioChemicals: Composed of 97% wax esters of long chain fatty acids. The wax esters exist principally (83%) as combinations of unsaturated acids and alcohols. It doesn't seem useful to break it down in the same way as other oils, but Price does do that:
Fatty Acids (typically 90%)
Saturated fatty acids (typically 93%), palmitic (11%), stearic (71%), arachidic (14%), behenic (1%)
Monunsaturated fatty acids (typically 6%): palmitoleic (0.1%), oleic (6.7%)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (typically 0.5%)
Fatty Alcohols (typically 10%): octadecanol (1%), eicosanol (44%), docosanol (45%), tetracosanol (9%), other (trace).
There are claims that Jojoba contains myristic acid, but the presence of more than a "trace" is not substantiated by any scientific reference that we could find.
Melting Point °C: Freezes at 10.6-7.0 °C, melts at 6.8-7.0°C
Saponification Value: 69.5-92
CAS No: 61789-91-1
In spite of its name Simmondsia chinensis, Jojoba is not from China; apparently it was so named because a misread label--"Calif" was read as "China". It was temporarily renamed as S. californica but reverted to chinensis because of the priority rules of taxonomy.
Jojoba oil is extracted by cold pressing from the crushed seeds, yielding about 50-60% oil.
Most people tolerate jojoba oil well. It absorbs easily into the skin, softens and protects skin retail moisture suppleness. It has tested at a sun factor of 4.
Jojoba oil is a good additive 3-10% for all skin care products, and 10-20% in massage oils.
- Hair Conditioners, shampoo and other hair conditioners
- Eye, lip and facial makeup products
- Nail products
- Skin Care Products
- skin conditioning agent
- hair conditioning agent
- emollients in creams, lotions, and stick products
- can be formed into small spheres for use in exfoliating "scrub" products
- alcohols are used as agents to reduce slip resistance and as secondary emulsifiers
- Used as a substitute for sperm oil as a fragrance carrier
This ancient evergreen bush grows wild in Arizona, California and Mexico. The seeds have been long used by Hopi and Papago Indians for cooking and in traditional medicines, as well as skin and hair care.
Wild collection and processing of the seed in the early 1970's, and by the late 1970's it began to be produced commercially after it was identified as a substitute for whale oil (spermacetti) that was banned by the US Government in 1974.
The major producers are the US and Mexico, with export to Japan and Europe. It is also grown in Palestine and demonstration plots have been conducted in other Middle Eastern countries.
Jojoba Oil has been extensively evaluated by the Cosmetics Ingredients Review Assessment Panel which concluded that "Jojoba Oil and Jojoba Wax are safe as cosmetic ingredients in the present practices of use and concentration." Concentrations studied were <0.1% to 25.0%.
The information provided on these pages is not a substitute for necessary medical care, nor intended as medical advice. Always keep carriers and bases tightly closed and in a cool, dark place, out of reach of children. If redness or irritation occurs when applied to the skin, stop using immediately and contact your health provider if necessary.
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